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TravelinTeachers Family Tree: Potts Family

Family of Samuel Potts and Martha Baker


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Updates to Potts pages July 2012



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Welcome! These pages represent much of the information we have on our Potts family line.

A special thank you to our cousin Glenda, for all her time and efforts in researching the Potts family, and her willingness to share her information. Most especially, we thank her for making the connection between our Stewart and Potts families. Without her, we would not know we were Potts, and would still be going around calling George Stewart's wife, "Grandma Unknown!" Thanks Glenda!

Clicking on either the master surname link, or the descendant's chart link to the left, should provide you with a list of names, and links, to get you to their information. Or, you can follow each line by clicking on the kids' names listed on each page.
If you have any questions or information about these lines, we would love to hear from you! Please also see our traveling teachers home page (link at left) for further information and other family lines.

Happy Hunting! J, J, and J



Samuel Potts


Our Potts family line goes back to Samuel Potts. According to census records, Samuel was born between 1780 and 1790. Family stories hold that Samuel was born on May 15, 1789. We do not know where Samuel was born.



SAMUEL'S EARLY LIFE

We know little of Samuel's early life. We do not know the identity of his parents, or of any siblings.

We do know that in March of 1812, Samuel became the father of Jefferson McDonald Potts. Samuel acknowledged Jefferson as his illegitimate son in his 1847 will.

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TIES TO NORTH CAROLINA

Recent dna studies have provided us with clues as to the identity of Samuel's family. Two descendants from Samuel's line were tested. The test results excluded a couple of possible families, and were a match to another.

In the early days, there were two other Potts families who lived in or around the tiny town of Perryville, Kentucky, at the same time as Samuel. Family researchers have often wondered if Samuel was related to either one of these other families. DNA testing has shown that he was not.

One possible family for our Samuel was that of John Potts, born circa 1787 in Pennsylvania, who lived in nearby Washington County, Kentucky. DNA results showed that these two families were not a possible match many generations back.

Another possible family for our Samuel was that of Jonathan Potts, one of the earliest settlers of Perryville, whose son David died there in 1824. This line came from Pennsylvania. They were Quakers. DNA tests for descendants of this family prove that they are not related to our Potts family.

Another possible family for our Samuel was the family documented in Thomas Maxwell Potts' history of the Potts family, printed in 1901, entitled Historical Collections Relating To The Potts Family in America. The brothers lived in the same geographical region, and shared common names with our family. DNA tests show that a descendant of this family is not a match to Samuel's descendant.




We do, however, have a match. DNA testing from our line was a "perfect" match with test results from a descendant of a Williamson County, Tennessee family named Potts. The patriarch of that branch was James Potts, born in Rowan (now Iredell Co.) County, North Carolina on March 7, 1757. James immigrated to Williamson County around 1811 or 1812, along with his fourteen children.

James had at least two known brothers: Henry Potts and William Nelson Potts.

William Nelson Potts was a full brother to James. He was born in Iredell Co. (or Rowan), North Carolina around 1763. Family biographies state that William came to Fayette County, Kentucky in 1791. He first lived in Fayette County, and then in Nicholas County, Kentucky.

Of particular note - our Samuel married in Fayette County, in 1813.

William Nelson Pott's eldest daughter, Priscilla, married a John J. Sweeney. Of particular note - a John J. Sweeney was a witness to Samuel's will. A John J. Sweeney was appointed as one of the appraisers of Samuel's estate.

Reportedly, William left a will in which he named many children, but not Samuel.

Of note, four of Samuel's children were alive when the 1880 federal census was taken. Mary Ann (born in 1815) and George (born in 1832) gave both parents' birthplaces as Kentucky. Samuel, Jr. (born around 1830) left that part of the census unmarked. James Woodson (also born around 1830) noted that his father was born in North Carolina.




In sum, the dna tests show that we are related to a Potts family who lived in North Carolina. But, we still do not have a proven mother or father for Samuel. His father could be either this James, William, or Henry, detailed above. At this time, we just do not know. It is also possible that these three brothers had another brother, and that Samuel is the son of that unidentified brother. Our research continues ...


Thanks to Glenda for arranging the dna testing and for providing the results of those tests.




Other than knowing that Samuel became the father of Jefferson M. Potts in March of 1812, the first real record we have for Samuel is his marriage, in 1813.

Samuel married MARTHA "PATSY" BAKER. The marriage bond is dated April 12, 1813, Fayette County, Kentucky. The bondsman was David Baker.


Marriage Bond
Click on image for full-size view




Martha was born sometime between 1790 and 1800. She reportedly was the daughter of PELEG BAKER.

Peleg reportedly was born on June 23, 1766, in Rowan County, North Carolina, and died in 1922, in Jennings County, Indiana. He served during the Revolutionary War.
Peleg is buried at the Six Mile Cemetery, located in Hayden, Jennings County, Indiana.



Photo originally submitted by Shirley to findagrave.com





Samuel and Martha moved to Perryville, Kentucky, sometime around 1820. Samuel first appears on the tax rolls in Mercer County, in 1820. He and Martha lived in Perryville for the remainder of Samuel's life.

Samuel and Martha were the parents of at least ten children.




LIFE IN PERRYVILLE

As seen from the census readings, Samuel had settled in the Perryville area by 1820. Records show that Samuel's first land purchase was in 1822. Over the years, Samuel purchased a number of lots and parcels of land, in and around the Perryville area.

Family stories hold that Samuel operated a tan yard in Perryville.

Family stories also hold that Samuel had lost one of his legs and had a wooden leg.



CENSUS READINGS
1820 and 1830

1820 Perryville, Mercer County, Kentucky
Samuel Potts
Males: 1 under the age of 10; 1 age 26 - 45
Females: 1 under the age of 10; 1 age 16 - 26.
one person engaged in manufacturing

1830 Perryville, Mercer County, Kentucky
Sml Potts
Males: 2 under the age of 5; 1 age 10 - 15; 4 age 15 - 20; 1 age 20 - 30; 1 age 40 - 50
Females: 1 under the age of 5; 3 age 5 - 10; 1 age 15 - 20; 1 age 30 - 40
Slaves: male under the age of 10; female age 10 - 24




1833 TAX RECORDS
Mercer County, Kentucky

Samuel is listed on the 1833 tax rolls for Mercer County. He had 87 acres of land located on the Chaplin River water course. He also had some town lots in Perryville. He had 2 horses. In all, Samuel was taxed for property totalling $1,950.




CENSUS READINGS
1840

1840 Mercer County
Sam Potts
Males: 2 age 5 - 10; 2 age 10 - 15; 1 age 15 - 20; 1 age 50 - 60
Females: 1 age 10 - 15; 1 age 15 - 20; 2 age 20-30; 1 age 50 - 60
* listed next to Wm. Potts, age 20 - 30.




1840 TAX RECORDS
Mercer County, Kentucky

Samuel is listed on the 1840 tax rolls for Mercer County, with the following property recorded.

81 acres of land in Mercer County on the Chaplin water course, valued at $1,600
9 town lots, valued at $2,000 each
White male over 21: 1
4 horses, valued at $275
7 children between ages of 7 and 11
Value under equalization law: $4,654
Total value: $8,529




1841 TAX RECORDS
Mercer County, Kentucky

Samuel is listed on the 1841 tax rolls for Mercer County, with the following property recorded.

81 acres of land in Mercer County
Chaplin water course
Value of land: $1,600
9 town lots, valued at $3,000 each
White males over 21: 1

Slaves over 16: -
Total slaves: -
Value of slaves: -
Horses and mares: 4
Value of horses and mares: $275

Mules: -
Value of mules: -
Jennies: -
Value of jennies: -
Cattle: 7
Value of cattle over $50: 70

Stores: -
Value of stores: -
Carriages: -
Value of carriages: -
Studs, jacks and bulls: -
Rates per season: -
Tavern license: -
Children between 7 and 17 years old: 6
Value under the equalization law: 4883
Total Value: $8,828





ADMINISTRATOR FOR GEORGE STEWART
1844

Samuel served as administrator of the goods, chattels, and credits of his son-in-law, George Stewart, following George's death.

Samuel, with son William as surety, posted an administrator's bond, in the sum of $300, on December 9, 1844, in Boyle County, Kentucky.



Administrator's Bond

Click on image for full-size view




SAMUEL'S DEATH & BURIAL

According to family tradition and cemetery records, Samuel died in Perryville, on November 2, 1847 at the age of 58. His will was produced for probate to the Boyle County court during the November term, 1847. According to family stories, Samuel was buried in a white marble tomb in the Perryville Cemetery.

Samuel's tomb has fallen into disrepair and can no longer be identified. His burial is registered in a book of burials for the cemetery. The listing of burials in this book is in order of where the grave is located in the cemetery. Thus, the placement of Samuel's grave can be estimated by where his name is located on the list of burials. By this list, he is buried near Chase Edwards and Elias Wingate. We note this location is in the oldest of the cemetery.


Perryville Cemetery
Area where we presume Samuel is buried





PROBATE RECORDS FOR SAMUEL

Will
Samuel had a will. The exact date on which Samuel wrote his will is unknown. The will was, however, produced to the Boyle County court during the November term, 1847, and proven by the oaths of Hardin Brinton and J.J. Sweeney. The will was recorded on November 15, 1847

As transcribed, the will reads as follows:
"I Samuel Potts of Boyle County and the state of Kentucky do make this my last Will and Testament, that is to say -
FIRST, I give to my Wife Patsy the tract of land adjoining Perryville, including the House and Lot attached containing about eighty-five acres be the same, more or less, it being the same now occupied by Mary Roney; also choice Horse saddle and Bridle, two choice milk cows together with whatever of my household and kitchen furniture she may desire, not exceeding one-third in value all of which at whatever they may be appraised during her natural life.

SECOND - It is my Will that as soon as convenient after my death that the balance of my Estate both real and personal shall be sold to the highest Bidder by my Ecx. Upon the following terms - that is to say - My personal property on a credit for Twelve months. My real Estate on a credit on One, Two and three years with interest from the date.

THIRD - It is my Will and desire after the payment of my debts that the balance of my estate not otherwise appropriated be equally divided between my legitimate children together with my illegitimate Son Jefferson Potts, who I wish to share equally with them, subject however to the following conditions (Viz) It is my desire that my daughters Mary Roney and Telitha Stewarts portions be placed at Interest for their benefit during their lives to be paid to them annually - at their death the principal to be equally divided among their children in case that either or both of them should marry prudent and discreet men to be judged of by my Executor, Then in that event the full amount to be paid over to them. In regard to my sons James, Samuel, and George, that their respective shares to be paid over to them at the age of Twenty-One years - provided they give evidence of sufficient prudence and discretion to take care of it, which is to be judged by my Ecr. If however they do not give such evidence, then in that event my desire is that their portion be placed at interest for their benefit until they do give evidence of their capacity to take care of the Principal. Should, however, the interest of Mary's and Telitha's portion be insufficient for their support, it is my wish that my Ecr. pay over to each Fifty Dollars annually out of the principal of their portion if their necessities require it.

FOURTH. It is my Will and desire that if the provisions I have made for my Wife should not amount to One-Third of my Estate after the payment of my debts and Expenses incurred in the management. Then in that case if she desires it I wish her to take out of my Estate such property at its valuation as will make her portion equal to one-third.

FIFTH. It is my desire that the Property bequeathed to my Wife, at her death be sold upon the same Terms and divided in the same manner and like conditions as before stated.

SIXTH and LASTLY. I constitute and appoint my friend John A. Burton my sole Executor to this my last will and testament fully authorizing him to carry all its provisions into effect."

Samuel Potts (X, his mark)

Signed in the presence of -
Hardin Brinton
J.J. Sweeney

See the will here: Part 1; Part 2; Part 3

Will Probated & Letters Testamentary Issued
As noted above, Samuel's will was produced to the November 1847 term of the Boyle County, Court, and proven by the oaths of Hardin Brinton and John Sweeney, subscribing witnesses to the will.

John A. Burton, the Executor named in Samuel's will, appeared in open Court and took the oath required by law & together with Jordan Peter, J.L. Bolling, and Robert Walker, Jr., his securities, executed and acknowledged bond in the penalty of Twenty thousand dollars, conditions according to law. Whereupon letters testamentary on said estate were granted to Burton.

The Court further appointed Abram Fulkinson, John J. Sweeney, J.W. Burton, & J.P. Mitchell – or any three of them - appraisers of Samuel Potts' estate.

Inventory and Appraisment
The inventory and appraisment of Samuel's personal estate was made on November 30, 1847, and produced to the May 1848 term of the Boyle County court. Appraisment made by J.P. Mitchell, J.W. Burton, J.J. Sweeny.

Samuel's personal estate was appraised at $4,982.18. Among the items listed in the inventory were 23 saddle trees, leather tanning supplies, items of furniture, cattle, hogs, horses, mules, wheat, corn, rye, and oats.

See record of the inventory here: Part 1; Part 2; Part 3; Part 4; Part 5.

Final Settlement
Final settlement of Samuel's estate was made on Thursday, February 6, 1851, in John A. Burton's storeroom in Perryville.

The record of the settlement states that notice had first been given to Mrs. Serena Bruce, the only heir and devisee living in Boyle County.

Total assets amounted to $10,588.66. One third went to the widow. Amount remaining after distribution to widow, for distribution to the heirs: $7.005.62. Each heir entitled to $700.56; all had already received a portion on December 2, 1850.

The balances each received from the estate in February 1851 were:

Martha Potts, widow$7,005.66
William Crutchfield 65.43
Alexander Christains 266.28
James W. Potts 255.34
J. Minor (for Talitha Stewart’s children)265.26
Harvey Collins 43.30
Serena Bruce 261.71
Jefferson Potts251.56
Samuel Potts503.71
George W. Potts 612.64
William H. Potts 160.30


The settlement was produced to court on February 17, 1851, and continued for filing of objections and exceptions. The settlement was again produced to court on March 17, 1851. There being no objections filed, settlement ordered recorded.



Historic Merchant's Row, Perryville, Kentucky





1849 TAX RECORDS
Boyle County, Kentucky

Martha is listed on the 1849 tax rolls for Boyle County, with the following property recorded.

86 acres of land in Boyle county
Chaplin water course
Value of land: $1,720
Town Lots: -
Value of Town Lots: -
White males over 21 years of age: -
Slaves over 16 years of age: -
Total slaves: -
Value of slaves: -
Horses and mares: 2
Value of horses and mares: 60

Mules: -
Value of mules: -
Jennies: -
Value of jennies: -
Cattle: -
Value of cattle over $40: -
Stores: -
Value of stores: -
Pleasure carriages or harouches: -
Buggies: -
Pianos: -
Gold spectacles: -
Gold watches: -
Studs, jacks, and bulls: -
Rates per season: -
Silver lever watches: -
Tavern license: -
Children between 5 and 16 years old: -
Free white persons that are blind: -
Free white persons that are deaf and dumb: -
Value under the equalization law: -
Total value: $1,780




1850 TAX RECORDS
Boyle County, Kentucky

Martha is listed on the 1850 tax rolls for Boyle County, with the following property recorded.

85¼ acres, Boyle County
Chaplin water course
Value of Land: 1955

Town Lots: -
Value of Town Lots: -
White males over 21 years of age: -
Slaves over 16 years of age: -
Total slaves: -
Value of slaves: -
Horses and mares: 1
Value of horses and mares: 20

Mules: -
Value of mules: -
Jennies: -
Value of jennies: -
Cattle: -
Value of cattle over $50: -
Stores: -
Value of stores: -
Pleasure carriages or harouches: -
Buggies: -
Pianos: -
Gold spectacles: -
Gold watches: -
Studs, jacks, and bulls: -
Rates per season: -
Silver lever watches: -
Tavern license: -
Children between 5 and 16 years old: -
Free white persons that are blind: -
Free white persons that are deaf and dumb: -
Value under the equalization law: -
Total value: $1,975




MARTHA MOVES TO MISSOURI


At some point after Samuel's death, Martha moved to Missouri, and lived with her daughter Jenetta. Martha is on the 1849 and 1850 tax rolls for Boyle county, but is enumerated on the 1850 census as living in Buchanan County, Missouri.

1850 Buchanan County, Missouri
Wm. Crutchfield, 40 years old, born in Tennessee. Farmer and carpenter.
Jenetta Crutchfield, 30 years old, bon in Kentucky
Sara E. Crutchfield, 9 year sold, born in Kentucky
James H. Crutchfield, 6 years old, born in Kentucky
Martha J. Crutchfield, 3 years old, born in Kentucky
Henry Crutchfield, 1 year old, born in Missouri
Mary Crutchfield, 1 year old, born in Missouri. Twin to Henry
Martha Potts, 50 years old, born in Tennessee



MARTHA'S DEATH & BURIAL


Martha died between 1850 and June 1853, in Missouri.

The burial location for Martha is unknown. We presume she is buried in Missouri.



PROBATE RECORDS FOR MARTHA


Martha died without a will.

William Crutchfield, Martha's son in law, applied for letters of administration on the estate of Martha Potts, deceased, on June 6, 1853, in Buchanan County, Missouri.

Martha's heirs are listed as follows: William Potts; James Potts; George Potts; Samuel Potts; Serenah Potts, intermarried with Wm. Harness; Mary Potts, intermarried with Alexander Christiason; Artimesa Potts, intermarried with Harvey Collier; Talitha Potts, intermarried with George Stuart; and Jenetta Potts, intermarried with William Crutchfield.

See record here

The final settlement of Martha's estate was produced to the Buchanan County court, at its July term, 1856.

See record of settlement here



Child of Samuel Potts


1. Jefferson M. Potts; b. 09 Mar 1812, Kentucky; d. 16 Sep 1876.




Children of Samuel Potts and Patsy Baker


1. Mary Ann Potts; b. 25 Jan 1815, Perryville, Mercer County Kentucky; d. 01 Oct 1893

2. William Henry "Will" Potts; b. Abt. 1816; d. 1876, Ohio County, Kentucky.

3. Janet Belle Potts; b. Aft. 1820.

4. Janetta Potts; b. Bet. 1820 - 1825.

5. Talitha Potts; b. Bet. 1820 - 1825; d. Bet. 1844 - Jul 1850.

6. Artemissa Potts; b. bet. 1821 - 1827; d. bet. 1870 - 1880.

7. Serena Jane Potts; b. 16 May 1829, Kentucky; d. 01 Nov 1873.

8. Samuel Potts; b. 26 Feb 1830, Kentucky; d. 29 Apr 1894, Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas.

9. James Woodson Potts; b. 27 Jul 1830; d. 28 Sep 1896, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky.

10. George W. Potts; b. 13 May 1832; d. 09 Dec 1893.

We descend from Talitha.



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